The Different Types of Cameras That Are Used by Photographers Today
The global digital camera market was worth US$7.2 billion in 2021. Looking to invest in a camera? With so many types of cameras out there, it can be hard to choose the best for you.
Whether you aspire to professional photography or want to take snapshots, we can help you. Our guide has everything you need to know.
Read on. Let’s take a look at the types of cameras out there today.
Types of Cameras that Use Film
Start at the beginning. Since George Eastman brought us the Kodak #1 camera in 1888, film cameras have been the first choice for many. Their vintage style still stuns viewers today. 35mm is the standard format. Then you have medium format film at 60mm wide with various lengths. Large format film is at minimum 60x90mm. Larger film formats give higher resolution images with less noise. With film cameras, you cannot see your image until you develop it.
Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLRs)
DSLRs are the tools of professional photography. They use mirrors to reflect light from the lens into the sensor and viewfinder. The viewfinder helps composition, but use a background remover app if you need it. Sensor sizes vary from brand-specific APS-C to full-frame, equal to 35mm film. Larger sensors boost low-light performance with less noise. You can swap the lens on a DSLR. Wide-angle lenses, 15-24mm are great for landscape photography. 35mm and 50mm lenses are perfect for street and portrait photography. You can use telephoto lenses, 60mm to 300mm or higher, for sports and wildlife. Higher-end DSLRs come with weather-sealing for outdoor use.
Mirrorless, or compact system csc cameras, pack DSLR features into a compact body. They lack mirrors and light reaches the sensor directly from the lens. This saves space and weight. Most mirrorless cameras have electronic viewfinders to help you compose your shot. Their sensors range from micro four-thirds to APS-C to full-frame. Electronic viewfinders and live-views mean battery life is shorter than most DSLRs. That said, if you need quality and portability, mirrorless cameras are hard to beat.
Compacts and Point-and-Shoots
Compact cameras give you higher quality than a smartphone, but they still fit in your pocket. Most have user-friendly automatic settings. The lack of full-manual control may hold you back. But compacts are a perfect start, and their portability lets you take them everywhere. Rugged compacts are water and shockproof for hard use.
These claim the middle ground between DSLRs and compact cameras. They are portable, user-friendly, and perfect for beginners. Most bridge cameras use micro-four-thirds sensors. They have optical zoom, but you cannot swap the lenses. They lack the full functionality and manual control of DSLRs.
Action and 360 Degree Cameras
Action cameras are tiny, with fixed focus, waterproof casings, and high-resolution video. You can mount an action camera onto anything from a surfboard to bike handlebars to a helmet. 360-degree cameras capture half-dome or full-circle perspectives. They are perfect for travel shots and landscapes. You will often be in the shot and resolution can be lower than other types of cameras.
Take Your Photography to the Next Level
We hope our guide to types of cameras helped you choose the one for you. Different types of photography suit certain types of cameras. For professional photography, a DSLR will serve you well. Film cameras offer creative and stylistic effects. Mirrorless, bridges, and compacts let you take quality images anywhere.
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